Advanced topics

Extending the Application model

An Application instance represents a Client on the Authorization server. Usually an Application is issued to client’s developers after they log in on an Authorization Server and pass in some data which identify the Application itself (let’s say, the application name). Django OAuth Toolkit provides a very basic implementation of the Application model containing only the data strictly required during all the OAuth processes but you will likely need some extra info, like application logo, acceptance of some user agreement and so on.

class AbstractApplication(models.Model)

This is the base class implementing the bare minimum for Django OAuth Toolkit to work

  • client_id The client identifier issued to the client during the registration process as described in RFC6749 Section 2.2
  • user ref to a Django user
  • redirect_uris The list of allowed redirect uri. The string consists of valid URLs separated by space
  • client_type Client type as described in RFC6749 Section 2.1
  • authorization_grant_type Authorization flows available to the Application
  • client_secret Confidential secret issued to the client during the registration process as described in RFC6749 Section 2.2
  • name Friendly name for the Application

Django OAuth Toolkit lets you extend the AbstractApplication model in a fashion like Django’s custom user models.

If you need, let’s say, application logo and user agreement acceptance field, you can to this in your Django app (provided that your app is in the list of the INSTALLED_APPS in your settings module):

from django.db import models
from oauth2_provider.models import AbstractApplication

class MyApplication(AbstractApplication):
    logo = models.ImageField()
    agree = models.BooleanField()

Then you need to tell Django OAuth Toolkit which model you want to use to represent applications. Write something like this in your settings module:


Be aware that, when you intend to swap the application model, you should create and run the migration defining the swapped application model prior to setting OAUTH2_PROVIDER_APPLICATION_MODEL. You’ll run into models.E022 in Core system checks if you don’t get the order right.

That’s all, now Django OAuth Toolkit will use your model wherever an Application instance is needed.

Notice: OAUTH2_PROVIDER_APPLICATION_MODEL is the only setting variable that is not namespaced, this is because of the way Django currently implements swappable models. See issue #90 ( for details

Multiple Grants

The default application model supports a single OAuth grant (e.g. authorization code, client credentials). If you need applications to support multiple grants, override the allows_grant_type method. For example, if you want applications to support the authorization code and client credentials grants, you might do the following:

from oauth2_provider.models import AbstractApplication

class MyApplication(AbstractApplication):
    def allows_grant_type(self, *grant_types):
        # Assume, for this example, that self.authorization_grant_type is set to self.GRANT_AUTHORIZATION_CODE
        return bool( set(self.authorization_grant_type, self.GRANT_CLIENT_CREDENTIALS) & grant_types )

Skip authorization form

Depending on the OAuth2 flow in use and the access token policy, users might be prompted for the same authorization multiple times: sometimes this is acceptable or even desirable but other times it isn’t. To control DOT behaviour you can use the approval_prompt parameter when hitting the authorization endpoint. Possible values are:

  • force - users are always prompted for authorization.
  • auto - users are prompted only the first time, subsequent authorizations for the same application and scopes will be automatically accepted.

Skip authorization completely for trusted applications

You might want to completely bypass the authorization form, for instance if your application is an in-house product or if you already trust the application owner by other means. To this end, you have to set skip_authorization = True on the Application model, either programmaticaly or within the Django admin. Users will not be prompted for authorization, even on the first use of the application.